Argentina - Political and electoral system

Political and administrative structure

Representative, republican and federal. Divided into provinces, which are divided into departments or partidos (municipalities). The latter are administered by municipal governments. "Each province shall establish its own constitution, pursuant to Article 5, providing for municipal autonomy and regulating its scope and content within the institutional, political, administrative, economic and financial order." (National Constitution. Part Two. Authorities of the Nation. Title II. Art. 123).

National parliament

El Congreso de la Nación es bicameral. La Camara de Diputados con 257 miembros directamente elegidos, quienes son nombrados por 4 años, aunque la mitad de sus miembros son elegidos cada 2 años. El senado está formado por 72 miembros directamente elegidos, quienes son nombrados por 6 años, pero se va renovado por terceras partes cada dos años.

Municipal government

Municipalities are made up of an executive department, presided by a municipal Intendente (governor), and a deliberative council, made up of councilpersons. The country is divided into 2,247 municipalities. www.indec.mecon.ar. Consulted in November 2008.

Duration of terms

The municipal governor and councilpersons are elected by suffrage, for a four-year term.

Representation system

Proportional.

Type of list

Closed non-party lists; mixed-member lists at the municipal level.

Electoral constituency

Uninominal for mayors; plurinominal for councilpersons.

Quota and parity laws

See Regulations.

Legal instruments applicable to municipalities

The Argentine municipal system is characterized by its diversity. The National Constitution takes precedence over all other laws, and municipal constitutions must defer accordingly. Each province is governed by its own constitution, in accordance with Article 5, "providing for municipal autonomy and regulating its scope and content within the institutional, political, administrative, economic and financial order." (National Constitution. Part Two. Authorities of the Nation. Title II. Art. 123).

Electoral Justice

The National Electoral Chamber (CNE) is part of the national electoral justice system. It is comprised of 24 federal courts of first instance, each exercising jurisdiction over an electoral district (23 provinces and the city of Buenos Aires).