Argentina - Political and electoral system
Political and administrative structure
Representative, republican and federal. Divided into provinces, which are divided into departments or partidos (municipalities). The latter are administered by municipal governments. "Each province shall establish its own constitution, pursuant to Article 5, providing for municipal autonomy and regulating its scope and content within the institutional, political, administrative, economic and financial order." (National Constitution. Part Two. Authorities of the Nation. Title II. Art. 123).
El Congreso de la Nación es bicameral. La Camara de Diputados con 257 miembros directamente elegidos, quienes son nombrados por 4 años, aunque la mitad de sus miembros son elegidos cada 2 años. El senado está formado por 72 miembros directamente elegidos, quienes son nombrados por 6 años, pero se va renovado por terceras partes cada dos años.
Municipalities are made up of an executive department, presided by a municipal Intendente (governor), and a deliberative council, made up of councilpersons. The country is divided into 2,247 municipalities. www.indec.mecon.ar. Consulted in November 2008.
Duration of terms
The municipal governor and councilpersons are elected by suffrage, for a four-year term.
Type of list
Closed non-party lists; mixed-member lists at the municipal level.
Uninominal for mayors; plurinominal for councilpersons.
Quota and parity laws
Legal instruments applicable to municipalities
The Argentine municipal system is characterized by its diversity. The National Constitution takes precedence over all other laws, and municipal constitutions must defer accordingly. Each province is governed by its own constitution, in accordance with Article 5, "providing for municipal autonomy and regulating its scope and content within the institutional, political, administrative, economic and financial order." (National Constitution. Part Two. Authorities of the Nation. Title II. Art. 123).
The National Electoral Chamber (CNE) is part of the national electoral justice system. It is comprised of 24 federal courts of first instance, each exercising jurisdiction over an electoral district (23 provinces and the city of Buenos Aires).