Saint Lucia - Political and electoral system
Bicameral (Senate and House of Assembly).
St. Lucia has no provincial government. There are municipal governments with nine appointed members each. Local elections have been suspended since 1979.
Duration of terms
Prime Minister, Senate and House of Representatives: Maximum of 5 years from formation of government.
House of Assembly: Majority: Simple majority vote (first past the post). Vacancies arising between general elections are filled through by-elections held within three months of the occurrence of the vacancy. Voting is not compulsory. Senate: Senators are appointed by the Governor-General. Six are chosen on the advice of the Prime Minister. Three are chosen on the advice of the Leader of the Opposition. Two are chosen by the Governor-General himself after consulting various interest groups (religious, economic, and social).
House of Assembly: 17 single-member constituencies.
Quota and parity laws