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Distribution of total employed population by productivity level and sex
The structural heterogeneity that characterizes Latin America, determines a strong job market segmentation and this is translated into income inequalities within households.
There is a strong distinction between employment in high and low productivity sectors. The high-productivity sector is closer related to the cutting edge technology, higher level of education, better working conditions and better protection of labor institutions, while the low productivity employment is linked to workers with lower incomes, less level of education, instability, limited social security coverage and an absence of work contracts.
Among those who are employed in low-productivity sectors, there are those that work for the agriculture sector, which in the region are one out of ten women employed. This low-productivity sector also covers the service sector, which includes the domestic work, where the largest number of Latin American women (on average 40.6% of the employed) are found.