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08/01/2018 | Nota para a Igualdade

Note for Equality N° 25: Who takes care of dependant population in the city? Urban politics and women’s economic autonomy

In Latin America, cities play a central role in planning and developing policies to promote the progress of its people, improve their living conditions and guarantee their rights. In this context, women and men have different needs and aspirations in the urban space, as well as unequal opportunities to access the goods and resources of the city, particularly due to the current sexual division of labour.

The achievement of women's economic autonomy, their greater participation in the labor market, their access to incomes of their own and an equitable distribution of time use, is linked to an equal access to services and infrastructure of the cities. This, constitutes an important part of the physical and spatial support of the daily life of men and women. For women, the quality and the improvement in the frequencies and the costs of transport are particularly important in the choice of occupation, when they must make it compatible with their family obligations.