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Level within governmental hierarchy of national Machineries for the Advancement of Women
The Mechanisms for the Advancement of Women (MAM) are the institutional mechanisms for directing and coordinating gender equality policies in the Latin American and Caribbean States.
In Latin America, the Mechanisms for the Advancement of Women (MAM) were created between the 1980s and early nineties as entities with varying degrees of institutionality, even today the level of institutionalization and the hierarchy of these organisms within the state bureaucracy itself is very diverse. In Latin America, 60% of countries have high-level MAM – which means that the mechanisms have received ministerial rank or that the institutional holder has the rank of Minister, with full participation in the Cabinet.
In the Caribbean, 84% of MAMs remain at a low level of institutionalization – which means that they are dependent on a Ministry or an authority of lower rank (vice-ministries, undersecretaries, institutes, councils and other legal figures).